The Kiplinger Tax Map: Guide to State Income Taxes, State Sales Taxes, Gas Taxes, Sin Taxes
Tool | Updated October 2019

State-by-State Guide to Taxes

Compare state tax rates and rules — on income, ordinary purchases, gas, sin products, property, and more — across the U.S.


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The Bottom Line
Flag of Pennsylvania

Least Tax-Friendly

With a 3.07% flat income tax rate, the Keystone State looks like it could be a low-tax state at first glance. However, most cities and towns in Pennsylvania tack on their own local income tax (school districts, too). Philadelphia hits taxpayers the hardest with a 3.87102% tax on residents and a 3.4481% tax on nonresidents. Property taxes are above average in Pennsylvania, too. On a $400,000 home in the state, the taxes are an average $6,698 each year.

Pennsylvania also has the second-highest state gas tax in the nation at 58.7 cents per gallon, and the sixth-highest state and local cellphone wireless service taxes (16.27% combined). An inheritance tax adds to the state’s overall tax burden.

Sales Tax

6% state levy. Philadelphia has a local sales tax of an additional 2%, and Allegheny County (Pittsburgh’s home county) adds a local sales tax of 1%, bringing the population-weighted average to 6.34%, as measured by the Tax Foundation.

Income Tax Range

Pennsylvania has a flat rate of 3.07%. However, municipalities tax earned income, too. According to the Tax Foundation, the average levy is 2.95%.

Motor Fuel Taxes

Gasoline: $0.5870 per gallon.
Diesel: $0.7520 per gallon.

Property Taxes

In Pennsylvania, residents pay an average of $1,674 in taxes per $100,000 of assessed home value.

Vehicle Taxes

Sales tax is due on purchases.

Sin Taxes

Cigarettes: $2.60 per pack. The City of Philadelphia levies an additional $2.00 local tax per pack of cigarettes
Other tobacco products: 55 cents per ounce (except cigars)
Vapor products: 40% of the wholesale price, with an exception (the result of a court challenge) for individual component parts of an e-cigarette.

Beer and other malt beverages: $0.08 per gallon
Wine: N/A
Liquor: $7.24
Pennsylvania directly controls the distribution and sale of alcohol. Liquor tax is an estimate by the Distilled Spirits Council of the United States and published by the Tax Foundation.

Taxes On Wireless Service


Inheritance and Estate Taxes

The Pennsylvania inheritance tax is calculated as a percentage of the value of the estate transferred to beneficiaries. The amount is determined based on the relationship of the heir to the decedent and the decedent’s date of death. The tax rate is 4.5% for transfers to direct descendants (lineal heirs), 12% for transfers to siblings and 15% for transfers to other heirs (except charitable organizations, exempt institutions and government entities). Property a husband and wife own jointly is exempt from the tax, and so is property inherited from a spouse or from a child 21 or younger by a parent. If the inheritance tax is paid within three months of the decedent’s death, a 5% discount may apply.

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