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All Contents © 2019The Kiplinger Washington Editors
By David Muhlbaum, Senior Online Editor
| May 20, 2019
Your Great-Uncle Frank may have gotten 150,000 miles out of his Studebaker, but the advice he handed down is probably out of date. There are many sayings and shibboleths to watch out for if you want your car to have a long and healthy life. Even if you lease and your car’s longevity isn’t really an issue, knowing the difference between myth and reality could save you money.
These seven myths, in particular, continue to steer well-intentioned drivers off course. Take a look.
The term “premium” is just marketing; that’s why it’s often dubbed Ultra, Supreme, that sort of thing. The only reason to buy, um, premium gasoline is if your vehicle can benefit from the higher octane levels it has. Octane is a measure of gasoline’s resistance to pre-ignition (a hazard to your engine that you might hear as pinging, or knocking). Some car manufacturers recommend premium so that they can tune their engines for higher performance, but you can use regular safely. Only a small percentage of cars require premium gas.
There is an advantage to using fuel (of all octanes) that’s met a certain standard, called Top Tier. Read Buy Your Car the Gas It Deserves to learn more.
We’re not sure this myth really needs to die; otherwise what would people argue about on summer car rides?
If you think sweating it out with the windows down and the A/C off will save the most gas, the Mythbusters guys are on your side, as is Consumer Reports. But a recent study by the Society of Automotive Engineers offers a bit of hope to those who would argue for punching the air conditioning button and keeping the windows up. While they note that air conditioning can indeed impose a considerable mileage penalty — if you run it on maximum and without recirculating the interior air — they outline strategies to reduce the MPG penalty of the A/C, including letting hot air out of the car after it’s been parked, and not running the fan full blast.
Follow those guidelines, they say, and, “depending upon many factors, as noted above, including the vehicle drag value, the energy requirements can be very slightly different to being the same to operate the A/C system versus shutting off the A/C system and opening the vehicle’s windows.”
So, that’s the academic take. But even the engineers note that “the use of the A/C system can reduce driver fatigue, a major safety issue.”
Props if you can sing the old Jiffy Lube jingle! ("Every 3,000 miles, just bring it into Jiffy Lube.”) Notably, the oil-change giant dumped that slogan some years back.
Here’s the deal: You need to change your oil and filter when the owner’s manual recommends it. Not when your neighbor with the vintage Corvette thinks you should. And not when some service manager who wants to sell you a bunch of oil additives and flushes tells you to. Go by the book—or the service light on your dash. For many new cars, the recommendation is to change the oil only once every 5,000 miles—or even less frequently. For my VW Golf, it’s 10,000 miles, with synthetic oil.
Courtesy U.S. Air Force
This isn't 100% wrong—the myth version just uses the wrong coin. The old thinking was: Stick a penny in a groove head-down, and part of Abe’s head should always be covered.
The problem is, if you can see the top of his pate, that means the tire has less than 2/32" of tread, the legal minimum in most states. If that’s the case, you need new tires, like, right now, especially if there's any chance you're going to see any rain.
Use a quarter instead. If George's head has some coverage, that means you have at least 4/32", a safer margin. If you're getting close, you'll have time to hunt around for a good deal on your next set of tires. If you want to get fancy about checking, an actual tire tread gauge (different than a tire pressure gauge) is dirt cheap.
The business of shining up cars is a bit like the beauty-product industry, rife with talk of exotic waxes and space-age ingredients. Is it worth ponying up an additional $3 to $5 for “clearcoat protectant” or whatever the term of art is at the automatic car wash? We vote “no.” Nothing wrong with a (well-maintained) automatic car wash, but don’t get your hopes up about a product that is sprayed onto your car for 30 seconds and then rinsed off, even if it comes out in pretty colors with a blinking light to announce its deployment. That magic foam has to:
Given that the shelf at your car-parts store has separate products to shine and protect paint, vinyl, rubber and glass, and that applying them requires a modicum of elbow grease, better to save that $5 at the car wash and just buy and apply a cheap paint sealant yourself, such as NuPolish or Mothers California Gold Synthetic Wax. It can last up to a year and should take you less than 30 minutes to apply.
Independent shops as well as some national chains are fighting back against dealer marketing efforts that play on consumer fears of voiding a warranty. If you have your services done regularly with quality parts—and keep your paperwork—federal law is on your side no matter where the work is done. Check out the Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act. If your dealer makes you happy, fine. Enjoy the loaner car. But it’s frequently the more expensive choice.
One advantage of going to the dealer, at least on occasion, is in case there's a “Technical Service Bulletin” out on your car. This is not a recall, but an advisory from the manufacturer on a non-safety-related item—say, premature corrosion in a certain area. Digging up these advisories yourself isn’t easy, but the dealer always gets them directly and will sometimes do a goodwill fix.
All cars sold since 2007 have what’s called Tire Pressure Monitoring Systems (TPMS). These do what the name says: monitor that your tires have air in them and warn you if they don’t.
The hitch is this: That light won’t come on until a tire is more than 25% lower than the recommended pressure. And if you wait for that, you’re potentially endangering yourself (an underinflated tire can compromise your car’s handling or even lead to a tire blowout) and wasting money (underinflated tires reduce your gas mileage by roughly 0.2% per pound that they’re low). Doesn’t sound like much, but try this math: If your recommended inflation pressure is 40 psi, and you’re 25% low on air, that’s a 2% hit to your gas mileage. Plus, underinflated tires wear more quickly and unevenly, reducing your tire life.
Buy yourself a tire gauge and use it at least once a month, recommends Woody Rogers, a product-information specialist at Tire Rack, the online tire and wheel vendor. Plus, he notes, “you may see something like a cut or bulge from a road hazard that isn’t a problem yet, but will become a bigger one in the near future if left unattended. The driver who only waits for the TPMS light to come on will never get that close to their tires to discover small problems before they become big ones.”